This area deals with muscles, bones and joints, and is perhaps the most widely known. Musculoskeletal physiotherapists can deal with many acute or chronic conditions such as:
- Back and neck pain or stiffness
- Muscle strains/contusions
- Joint sprains/stiffness/instability
- Muscle imbalances/weakness
- Muscle spasm
- Rehabilitation following occupational injury, surgery, sporting injuries.
The musculoskeletal physiotherapist uses a variety of different treatment methods to help speed up the healing process and reduce the likelihood of the same thing happening gain. Some of the techniques include:
- Manual techniques (massage, joint mobilization, manipulation, stretches)
- Electrotherapy (ultrasound, interferential, TENS, shortwave, laser)
- Heat and cold
- Therapeutic exercise
- Correction of posture, lifting techniques, sporting techniques which contribute to the problem
- Taping, bandaging, splinting
- The musculoskeletal physiotherapist is not only concerned with treating the injury, but with finding the cause and correcting any biomechanical factors which may contribute to the injury.